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Step 1 - Pick up!
Bring a leaf broom for this gardening job. The task is long and will come back until all the leaves have fallen. If you persist, you will have the pleasure of having a clean lawn throughout the season, and above all, to take advantage of a great raw material to protect your crops from the cold and weed regrowth.
Step 2 - Throw!
Background cleaning often involves a good sorting operation. Throw any dead material on your compost pile. Beware of stems mounted in seeds. Eliminate them by bringing them to the recycling center or by burning them to prevent the seeds from then germinating in your crops, through the ripe compost that you have brought there. Because - and it's good to know - composting is not enough to remove seeds. Only a very high temperature rise, at the heart of the heap, can have this effect.
Step 3 - Cut!
Cut the dry stems of perennials flush with the stumps. In spring, the plants will start again.
Step 4 - Burn!
If the plants are dry and the weather is good, you can take advantage of this grooming operation to burn green waste that cannot be put into compost.
Step 5 - Weed!
Let's tackle the vegetable patch proper, with a weeding operation ... the last of the year! Bring the unseeded weeds on the compost, the others on the fire heap.
Step 6 - Use the grelinette!
For your weeding, use a grelinette. This will make it easier for you to lift unwanted soil, and your soil will be pleasantly loosened.
Step 7 - Harvest!
In this season, it makes sense to do some operations around your compost heap! Harvest the ripe compost to bring it to the plots. The area thus freed will allow you to turn the compost during maturation to allow it to mature peacefully over the following months. Take advantage of having dead leaves accordingly to alternate dry matter (dead leaves) and wet matter (your green waste of the day as well as your current compost). Thus, you ensure a balanced compost and you allow it to mature optimally.
Step 8 - Spill!
Bring your ripe compost on the weeded plots, except those that you intend for crops that fear too rich soil (this is the case of garlic and shallots for example).
Step 9 - Spread!
Spread the compost on the surface of the plots using a rake. The earth being well furnished thanks to the work of the grelinette, the small workers of the earth - earthworms and micro-organisms - will have no trouble finding the way of this vegetable matter and digesting it. And it is their work that will allow you to have flexible and enriched soil the following spring.
Step 10 - Cover!
Here we find our dead leaves from the beginning. Pour them on your plots then spread them out to form a thick mattress. This protective layer will form a cozy shelter for many auxiliaries. By maintaining a mild temperature, it will help activate the micro-organisms that guarantee soil fertility. Now let's meet in the spring!