Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier (1887-1965)Born October 6, 1887 in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland, and died August 27, 1965 in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, in the South of France, Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier, deeply marked the 20th century by upsetting architectural creation and the way of "living". A visionary architect and urban planner, modern theorist, but also painter and sculptor, Le Corbusier has always considered the measurement of the human body as a universal principle. For him, this "measure of man" contributes to defining all the dimensions of architecture and spatial composition. As proof, he reflects on an essential and universal measure: a "serial man", thinking and perceiving. Trained in particular in Germany, Charles-Edouard Jeanneret (future Le Corbusier) is influenced by psycho-physicists and theories of scientific aesthetics, where everything can be measured, including sensations, cognitive reactions or human psychology. This notion of measure feeds the work of the town planner, architect, furniture designer and is even found in the painter's work. However mathematical it may be, this research never departs from being; she adapts to her gestures, her gaze, her thinking. It was in 1944 that Le Corbusier created the "Modulor", a system of architectural proportions and measurement, the size of the average man: 183 cm or 226 cm, with his arm raised. Based on the golden ratio, the "Modulor" is an application of the golden proportion and Fibonacci sequences, which allows to organize a harmony of all spatial constructions directly defined according to human morphology.
"Le Corbusier, measures of man", a retrospective tribute to the fiftieth anniversary of the disappearance of Le CorbusierCentered around the design of the "Modulor" - which has established itself as a real normative system for many architects, regulating both the form of the interiors and the proportion of constructions - the exhibition "Le Corbusier, measures de man "returns to the sources of the conception of the body in Le Corbusier, a body in movement which defines his notion of eurythmy (one of the five fundamentals of architecture," good rhythm ", proportion). According to a chronology determined by the main stages of this new aesthetic conception, and through nearly 300 paintings, sculptures, drawings and architectural drawings, models, objects, films, photographs and documents; the original route of this exhibition presents all the facets of the work of the artist, architect and urban planner of genius.
Opening into a room devoted to the definition of the concept of rhythm and eurythmy, the exhibition looks back at the influence of regulatory patterns in Peter Behrens, on that of JL M Lauweriks and on Le Corbusier's Voyage en Orient , started in 1911. Another chapter of the exhibition is devoted to the first villas imagined by Le Corbusier: with, in particular, the Pavilion of the New Spirit, designed for the International Exhibition of Decorative Arts in 1925, the Villa Stein and the famous and timeless Villa Savoye. At the heart of the exhibition, a room specially dedicated to the "Modulor" showcases nearly fifty drawings and objects: research drawings on mathematical formalization, like others addressing the description of geometric progressions. What apprehend the subtleties of this regulatory instrument. To complete this exhibition, as abundant as are the various productions of Le Corbusier, you can discover, or rediscover, Le Cabanon, the most personal and emblematic achievement of the architect. Built on a rock by the sea in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, Le Corbusier designed a living space with a minimalist design. With this ultimate achievement, Le Corbusier thus expresses his desire to live in a minimum and minimum space, based on simple physiology of the body. He will live there almost naked, and it is below that he will disappear, during one of his daily swimming in the Mediterranean, in 1965.
Le Corbusier, human measurements Center Georges Pompidou - Place Georges-Pompidou, Paris 4eme From April 29 to August 3, 2015 More info on www.centrepompidou.fr